THAILAND INFO

Geography 
   Thailand has an area of approximately 514,000 Sq. Km. The North and the Northeast are bordered by Laos. The North and the West are bordered by Myanmar (Burma). The South is bordered by Malaysia. The Southeast is bordered by Cambodia. Bangkok is a capital located in the central region.

Top three largest provinces:
   1. Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat) 20,494 Sq. Km.
   2. Chiang Mai 20,107 Sq. Km.
   3. Kanchanaburi 19,483 Sq. Km.

Top three largest islands: 
   1. Phuket 543 Sq. Km.
   2. Chang 429 Sq. Km.
   3. Samui 247 Sq. Km. 

Top three highest peaks:
   1. Doi Inthanon 2,565 Meters
   2. Doi Pha Hom Pok 2,285 Meters
   3. Doi Chiang Dao. 2,195 Meters

Top three largest rivers:
   1. Chi 765 Km.
   2. Mun 750 Km.
   3. Chao Phraya 370 Km.

Climate 
   Temperature is approximately 20 - 38 degree Celsius. Humidity is from 66 - 85%.


Seasons
 
   Summer (March to May), Rainy (June to October) and Winter (November to February).

Population 
   Total is almost 67 millions in 2012.

Language 
   Thai is an official and national language. English is a foreign language which is widely understood in main cities. Thai language has 44 consonants, 32 vowels and 5 tones.

National flag 
   There are 5 stripes with 3 colors; red, white and blue. They symbolize the nation, Buddhism and Monarchy respectively. 

Religion 
   Buddhism 94%, Muslim 4%, Christian 1% and others 1%.

Monarch 
   King Bhumibol Adulyadej (King Rama 9) is the present king of Chakri Dynasty in Rattanakosin period since 1946.

Government 
   Thailand is Constitutional Monarchy ruled by King.
 
National sport
 
   Thai boxing is called Muay Thai in Thai

Thailand's name 
   Siam has been changed to Pra Thed Thai or Thailand in 1939. With great relationship of Thai kings and Western countries and their intellectual attitude and strategies, Thailand has never been colonized by any country.

The current king's full name 

   Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Bhumibol AdulyadejMahitalathibet Ramathibodi Chakkrinaruebodin Sayamminthrathirat Borommanatbophit or พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาภูมิพลอดุลยเดช มหิตลาธิเบศรรามาธิบดี จักรีนฤบดินทร สยามินทราธิราช บรมนาถบพิตร in Thai.

Bangkok's full name
   Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit or กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยามหาดิลก ภพนพรัตน์ ราชธานีบุรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์ มหาสถาน อมรพิมาน อวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยะ วิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์ in thai. The meaning is the great city of Angels, precious gems of Rattanakosin (period) with overwhelm Indra God,  nine-gem capital and prosperously gigantic royal palace and gorgeous residence for the reincarnated god built by Vishu God due to Indra.